Buildings continue to be important for human civilization because they characterize human history, growth, and development. Because 80% of a person's life is spent inside the four walls of a building. Buildings continue to play a crucial role in all aspects of human existence. Buildings influence human health and disease by modifying the quality of life. Buildings are regarded as big environmental and ecological polluters and significant carbon footprint producers due to the considerable quantity of energy and resources they require. As a result, buildings continue to contribute to climate change, global warming, and sustainability. The way buildings are planned, designed, built, managed, and maintained has a big impact on resource consumption and waste production in urban India. Making buildings sustainable is crucial for maintaining, guarding, and adding value to the environment, ecology, and resources.
India has been actively constructing environmentally friendly infrastructure for a long time, and as a result, the country is currently rated 3rd in the 9th US Green Building Council 2022. India has developed a number of excellent concepts and projects with the intention of making India eco-friendly by the year 2050.
The three most well-known certification bodies in India are Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), and Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED).
The projects that have earned these certificates are made in a way that decreases pollution and carbon emissions. These buildings are referred to as "Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB)".
A few outstanding examples of NZEB are the Infosys Pocharam Campus in Hyderabad, Godrej Plant 13 Annexe in Mumbai, IIT Jodhpur in Rajasthan, the ITC Green Centre in Gurgaon, and the ITC Maurya Hotel in New Delhi.
The development of these NZEB buildings is the next point. Is there a particular process used to manufacture these buildings? If we go back a long time, natural materials such as mud, grass, and other materials were used to construct buildings; however, these methods cannot be used to construct infrastructure today. In order to address this, the Indian government established the BEE or Bureau of Energy Efficiency. BEE seeks to develop new strategies for creating buildings that are energy-efficient and environmentally beneficial.
For commercial infrastructures, the BEE experts developed the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), and for residential infrastructures, they developed the Eco-Niwas Samhita. These 2 policies contain numerous regulations, or perhaps guidelines, that make our infrastructures both human and environmentally friendly.
These initiatives by the Government of India are bringing new changes in the country by providing a new perspective in Indian Real Estate Industry. It opens up new doors to building infrastructures that balance perfectly with nature to live a life that is healthy and fruitful.